Sacred Monkey Forest in a Bali

In the center of Bali a centuries-old temple complex doubles as an ecological sanctuary for a thriving population of roughly 500 monkeys.

The Balinese long-tailed macaques that call the Monkey Forest home are free to come and go as they choose - there are no cages, and no walls to hold them in, so visitors to the Monkey Forest have the unusual opportunity to watch monkeys close up, with no bars between them.

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Elsewhere in Bali macaques are often seen as pests, liable to steal valuable crops, but in the Monkey Forest they are revered and cared for as part of the spiritual life of the temples, and as manifestations of the Hindu monkey gods. The monkeys are fed and cared for by a staff of locals, who are also there to keep a watchful eye on tourists.

The forest itself is comprised of 27 acres of deeply forested land, winding paths, sacred sculptures, and three distinct temples. Over 80 different species of trees have been identified within the forest, which also offer sanctuary to a host of birds, lizards, squirrel and deer, in addition to the star monkeys.

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The Monkey Forest is also home to a Pura Dalem, or temple of the dead. It acts as counterpoint to the Pura Puseh (temples of origin) and Pura Desa (village temple) and contains a cemetery and Pura Prajapati (cremation temple) dedicated to Dewa Siwa, who judges the karma of the dead.

Headstones are easily visible in a clearing visible between the trees near the cremation temple, where the recently dead are buried while their families and loved ones save up for the lavish cremation festivities unique to Balinese culture. At the appointed time families will disinter the dead and relocate them to an elaborate cremation pyre, after which the ashes are distributed to family shrines.

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It is thought that the earliest temple structures date back to around the mid 13th century, but they have been revised and rebuilt so many times over the years, up to an including the present day, that the edges of ancient and recent are thoroughly blended. The most sacred space in the Monkey Forest is the Lingga Yoni, a Hindu representation of phallus and womb, that has occupied the inner sanctum of the temple for hundreds of years. The third sacred space is a bathing temple, located along the stream that runs through the forest.

In recent years researchers from around the world have taken advantage of the opportunity to observe the monkeys in several studies.

Local vendors selling bananas and other treats to feed to the monkeys are usually positioned near the entrances, but visitors should bear in mind that the monkeys are wild animals that may bite and also may possibly carry disease. The official position of the Monkey Forest seems to be that no one will stop you from feeding the monkeys, but if you get bit it’s your own damned fault. Their website gently suggests that you might prefer to watch the staff feed the monkeys instead.

Celebration of Saraswati Day in Bali

In Bali there are frequent ceremonies that celebrate the Hindu faith. Every day, according to the Balinese lunar calendar, has some significance that requires prayer and offerings to appease the Gods. Through religion and belief, the Balinese are bound to the ritual traditions that are an intrinsic part of their heritage. It is this fascinating culture that has drawn so many travellers’ to Bali’s shores.

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The balinese Goddess : saraswati
Pic Source : www.hindu-dharma.org


On Saturday, 16th September, the Balinese will celebrate Saraswati Day. Saraswati is the Balinese Goddess of knowledge, wisdom and the arts. She is one of most revered deities that Balinese Hindu’s worship and is depicted as a very beautiful woman with four arms carrying symbols related to science and the arts. Huge stone sculptures and images of the Goddess Saraswati at the front entrance of many Balinese schools and universities is evidence of the level of local respect towards education.

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celebration of saraswati day
Pic source : www.newmedia-bali.com


Saraswati Day honours the knowledge that is bestowed on mankind. It is believed that without science and art it is impossible to create anything new on this earth. Many Balinese try to refrain from reading or writing on this special ceremonial day.

In schools and institutes of education all around the island students gather early in the morning dressed in their ceremonial finery for a session of communal prayer. Resource books are piled high and blessed with offering of fruit, flowers and a sprinkling of holy water. Students take this opportunity to pray for guidance with future studies and to lead a harmonious life that adheres to the basic guidelines of Hinduism.

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The Statue of saraswati in bali
Pic Source :
blog.baliwww.com

On the morning that follows Saraswati Day worshippers go to the sea to bathe and purify themselves in a cleansing ritual. This marks the conclusion of this particular religious occasion where local Hindu’s demonstrate their eternal gratitude to God Almighty who is personified by the ethereal Goddess Saraswati.

The Tielman Brothers, The greatest Indorock legend

The Tielman Brothers were the first Dutch Indo band that successfully went international in the 1950s. They were one of the pioneers of rock and roll in The Netherlands. The band was quite famous in Europe, long before The Beatles and The Rolling Stones. Their music was later called Indorock, a fusion of Indonesian and Western music, and has roots in Kroncong.

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The Tielman Family in Surabaya, Indonesia 1947
l/r: Jane, Reggy, Ponthon, Andy, Loulou, Mother Flora Lorine Hess, Father Herman Tielman


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The Timor Rhythm Brothers in Surabaya 1947
l/r: Ponthon, Reggy, Loulou, Jane, Andy Tielman


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The Timor Rhythm Brothers (early 50's)
l/r: Ponthon, Andy, Loulou, Wim Noya, Herman Tielman, Reggy

Tielman Brothers has appeared on the Palace of State Jakarta before the President Sukarno. They are the children of Herman Tielman from Kupang and Flora Lorine Hess from Semarang. Their recording career began when Tielman family in 1957 migrated and settled in Breda, the Netherlands. The Tielman Brothers are well known in Europe, especially in the Netherlands and Germany. In Indonesia itself, the name Tielman Brothers is still a foreign name, a fact which is very unfortunate.

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The Four Tielman Brothers on stage (Haagsche Dierentuin, The Hague ca.1957/1958)

Tielman Brothers introduced the first reliable rock music before The Beatles. Action stage they are known always attractive and entertaining. They appear as jumping, rolling, and display the guitar, bass, and drums are gorgeous. Andy Tielman, the frontman, even believed to have popularized the attraction of playing guitar with his teeth, behind the head or behind the body long before the Jimi Hendrix, Jimmy Page or Ritchie Blackmore.

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The Tielman Brothers with sister Jane and Alphonse Faverey (left)(1963)

The musical journey of the Tielman Brothers started in Surabaya in 1945, where the four brothers and a younger sister, Jane, often performed. They inherited their musical ability from their father, Herman Tielman, an army captain KNIL, who used to play music with friends at home in Surabaya.

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The Tielman Brothers in the Koepelzaal of the Haagse Dierentuin (The Hague Zoo). 3rd. January 1960.

Starting from Ponthon's interest to play the contrabass his brothers soon followed taking up instruments. Reggy studied banjo, Loulou studied drums, and Andy learned guitar. Their first appearance at the party at his house to make his friends marveled at bringing difficult Jazz songs likeTiger Ragand12th Street Rag. Since then they often performed at private events in Surabaya. Followed by public performances around Indonesia. They continued playing until at the end of 1957 the family decided to move to the Netherlands.

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Andy Tielman & The Tielman Brothers in de 70's
Andy with Vox Mando-Guitar (12-string elec. mandolin). Behind him a Vox AC 100 De Luxe and Fender XII


In the Netherlands they became one of the most important Dutch bands ever, founding a new musical genre called Indorock and are considered the frontrunners of Dutch pop music. They became the most popular Indorock group and performed around Europe. They were particularly popular in Germany.

Frontman Andy Tielman is known as the Godfather of Indorock.

The Line Up

The Timor Rhythm Brothers (1945-1957)
Reggy Tielman (banjo, guitar, vocal)- Surabaya, 20 May 1933
Ponthon Tielman (double bass, guitar, vocal)- 4 August 1934 - 29 April 2000
Andy Tielman (guitar, vocal)– 30 May 1936
Loulou Tielman (Herman Lawrence)(drum, vocal)– 30 october 1938 - 4 August 1994
Jane Tielman (Janette Loraine)(vocal)- 17 August 1940 - 25 juni 1993.

The Four Tielman Brothers - The 4 T's (1957-1959)
Andy Tielman (lead guitar, vocal)
Reggy Tielman (2nd lead guitar, vocal)
Ponthon Tielman (double bass, vocal)
Loulou Tielman (drums, vocal).

The Tielman Brothers (1960-1963)
Andy Tielman (lead guitar, vocal)
Reggy Tielman (2nd lead guitar, vocal)
Franky Luyten (rhythm guitar, vocal)
Ponthon Tielman (bass guitar, 6 string bass, vocal)
Loulou Tielman (drum, vocal)

The Tielman Brothers (1963-1964)
Andy Tielman (lead guitar, vocal)
Alphonse Faverey (lead guitar) ex-stringers to The Four Beat Breakers > The Time Breakers
Reggy Tielman (2nd lead guitar, 6 string bass, vocal)
Franky Luyten (rhythm guitar, vocal) to The Four Beat Breakers > The Time Breakers
Ponthon Tielman (bass guitar, 6 string bass, vocal)to Tielman Royal; afterwards back to Indonesia
Loulou Tielman (drum, vocal)
Jane Tielman (vocal)

The Tielman Brothers (1964-1969)
Andy Tielman (lead guitar, vocal)
Reggy Tielman (2nd lead guitar, 6 string bass,vocal)
Robby Latuperisa (bass, guitar, 6 string bass)
Hans Bax (rhythm guitar, vocal)
Loulou Tielman (drum, vocal)
Jane Tielman (vocal)

Andy Tielman and his Indonesians (1969-1971)
Andy Tielman (lead guitar, vocal)
Reggy Tielman (2nd lead guitar, 6 string bass, vocal)
Rob Latuperisa (bass guitar, 6 string bass)
Loulou Tielman (drum, vocal)
Benny Heynen (tenor saxophone, rhythm guitar)
Maurice de la Croix (bariton/tenor saxophone)
Leo Masengi (tenor saxophone, rhythm guitar)ex-The High Five
Jane Tielman (vocal)
Ilse Uchtman (vocal)

Loulou Tielman & The Tielman Brothers (1972-1974)
Eddy Chatelin (guitar, vocal)
Reggy Tielman (2nd lead guitar, rhythm guitar)
Maurice de la Croix (bariton/tenor saxophone)
Leo Masengi (tenor saxophone, rhythm guitar)
Rob Latuperisa (bass guitar)
Benny Heynen (tenor saxophone, clarinet, guitar)
Loulou Tielman (drum, vocal).
Jane Tielman (vocal)

Andy Tielman & The Tielman Brothers (1975-1981)
Andy Tielman (lead guitar, vocal)
Reggy Tielman (2nd lead guitar, rhythm guitar)
Loulou Tielman (drum, vocal).
Rob Latuperisa (bass guitar)
Maurice de la Croix (bariton/tenor saxophone)
Leo Masengi (alt/tenor saxophone, rhythm guitar)
Benny Heynen (tenor saxophone, clarinet, guitar)

Discography

FOUR TIELMAN BROTHERS
1958 Rock Little Baby Of Mine / You're Still The One (Fernap FP 5001)

THE TIELMAN BROTHERS SINGLES:
1959 Record Hop / Swing It Up (Imperial HI 1026)
1960 My Maria / You're Still The One (Imperial HI 1032)
1960 Black Eyes / Rock Littie Baby (Imperial HI 1033)
1960 18th Century Rock / Pretend (Imperial HI 1049)
1960 18th Century Rock / Pretend (Capitol 4569) USA
1960 I Can't Forget You / AAA (Imperial HI 1060)
1961 April In Paris / 0 Rosalie (Imperial HI 1203)
1962 Java Guitars / Warum Weinst Du Kleine Tamara (Ariola AT 10032)
1962 In The Mood / Sunday (ooit uitgebracht?)
1962 Tahiti Jungle / Fern Am Amazones (Ariola AT 45366)
1963 Little Hanschen Twist / Twistin'The Carioca (Ariola AT 10484)
1965 Little Girl / Yes I'm In Love (Ariola AT 18054)
1965 Love So True / Don't Go Away (Ariola AT 18056)
1965 Maria / Marabunta (Ariola ANG 10004)
1965 Exodus / Real Love (Ariola ANG 10006)
1965 White Christmas / I Wonder (Ariola ANG 10007)
1965 Little Lovely Lady / Warte Ab Darling Rosmarie
1966 Hello Catharina / Say You're Mine (Ariola AT 18276)
1966 No One But You / You Are The One (Ariola AT 18278)
1966 Maria / I Wonder (Ariola AT 18614)
1966 Exodus / White Christmas (Ariola AT 18654)
1966 Michelle / Du Gehst Vor,ber (Ariola AT 18768)
1966 Wanderer Ohne Ziel / Viel Zu Spat (Ariola AT 18898)
1966 You Got To Much Going For Love / Can't Help Falling In Love
1967 Little Bird / Gone For Good (Delta DS 1263)
1967 Little Bird / Gone For Good (Vogue DV 14696)
1967 Little Bird / She's Gone For Good (Rainwood R-807) USA
1968 I Can't Help Falling In Love / Goodbye Mama (Delta DS 1271)
1968 Absence / Little Dog (Injection TAR 61012)
1968 Nina Don't Go / Maria My Love (Imperial TAR 61013)
1968 Nanana Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye / It's Magic In You Girl (Fontana YF 278838)
1970 Manolito / Unter'm Bambus Von Trinidad
1971 Say A Simple Word / Summer Without You
1972 Poor People / Forever And Evermore (met Jane Tielman)(Negram NG 309)
1972 With Your Help / Tell Me Your Name (Injection 134548)
1973 Hey Hey / I'm A Stranger In My Land (Negram NG 329)
1975 Hey Hey / I'm A Stranger In My Land (heruitgave)(Negram NG 2013)
1975 Goodbye Mama / Country Girl
1976 Rip It Up / Move It (Philips 6012641)
1980 Jesus / Part 2 (Killroy KR 2894 KL)
1980 Jesus / Part 2 (12-inch disco version)(Killroy KR 119504 KL)
1981 Little Bird / Poor People (EMI 5 006-26704)
1981 Cheryl Moana Marie / Blue Bayou
1991 Black Eyes Rock / Rollin' Rock

Source : Wikipedia and Indorock

Soeharto, The Smiling General

Soeharto was the second President of Indonesia, having held the office for 32 years from 1967 following Sukarno's removal until his resignation in 1998.

Soeharto was born in a small village near Yogyakarta in 8 June 1921, during the Dutch colonial era. His Javanese peasant parents divorced not long after his birth, and he was passed between foster parents for much of his childhood. During the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, Suharto served in Japanese-organised Indonesian security forces.

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Indonesia's independence struggle saw him joining the newly formed Indonesian army. Soeharto rose to the rank of Major General following Indonesian independence. An attempted coup on 30 September 1965 was countered by Soeharto-led troops and was blamed on the Indonesian Communist Party.The army subsequently led an anti-communist purge, and Suharto wrested power from Indonesia's founding president, Sukarno.

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He was appointed acting president in 1967 and President the following year. Support for Soeharto's presidency eroded following the 1997–98 Asian financial crisis. He was forced to resign from the presidency in May 1998 and he died in 2008.

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He was known as the smiling general. This is because at every moment, he is always smiling to the public. Nobody knows for sure why he was always smiling to the public, which surely it is his trademark.

SBY wants peaceful solution to row with Malaysia

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono called on people of the country to refrain from any use of violence in response to a recent incident in the maritime border between Indonesia and Malaysia.

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Speaking in a televised speech at the Indonesian Military (TNI) Headquarters on Wednesday evening, the President said acts of violence would only spark more violence and exacerbate the problem.

"We have to always maintain our image and personality as a dignified nation in international community without having to sacrifice our characteristic free and active foreign policy,” the president said.

He expected Indonesia and Malaysia to solve their border row without destruction.

"The way Indonesia and Malaysia deal with their row will be closely watched by our Asian neighbors and the international community. As a founder of ASEAN, Indonesia has played a role model for other Southeast Asian neighbors and countries in other parts of the world in conflict resolution,” he said.

He promised to settle the recent dispute peacefully as soon as possible.

Mount Sinabung in Indonesia Erupts After 400 Years of Being Inactive

Indonesia Volcano: Mount Sinabung Erupts After 400 Years – Mount Sinabung, a sleeping volcano in western Indonesia wake up today and spews hot lava and sand high into the sky and now, disturbing thousand of Indonesians to spend their night in lot of evacuation shelters.

It was reported that Mount Sinabung, a dormant volcano in North Sumathra, which is inactive for almost 400 years now can no longer hold hot lava and magma inside and finally wakes up this Sunday. Several witnesses said that the smoke and ash shot 1,500 miles into the air and as of this writing, the hot lava was already visible from several miles away.

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The Indonesian officials reported that almost more than 19, 000 residences now were being evacuated from the slopes of Mount Sinabung and other surrounding areas.

Apparently, a local resident said that he panicked and ran when volcano started spewing lava “like a ball of fire”. The head of Indonesia’s volcanology and geology agency, Surono said that “We don’t know the character of this volcano because it’s been dormant for so long”

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Suruno also added that the volcano had not erupted since 1600 and very little was known about the said volcano. The Indonesia is considered as among those countries which has been included in the Pacific Ring of Fire with almost 129 active volcanoes.

Is ‘Sahur’ in Indonesia too early?

Ramadan, the fasting month, is coming. There are specific activities related to Ramadan. One of them is the predawn meal. Regarding the accuracy of the time limit of the predawn meal, Muslims in Indonesia may have a predawn meal too early. This may happen since the intellectual Muslims had a polemic regarding whether Shubuh (predawn) prayer began too early.

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The polemic about the time of shubuh prayer is connected to the validity of two worships at the same time; shubuh prayer and fasting. If the time of shubuh prayer is too early, it is not valid because it is not within its time. If the predawn meal exceeds its time, the fasting is not valid. Therefore, Muslims should have the shared criteria conducting observation of the appearance of fajar shadiq.

In Islamic literature, fajar shadiq is described as the horizontal light, which makes things in the sky and the earth begin to appear. Regardless of its geographical factor, the light cannot be seen except when the real end of the night comes. This means it is the beginning of shubuh and the end time of the predawn meal. As far as the writers believe, this has its root in Islamic law because there were many narrations mentioning that Prophet Muhammad completed shubuh prayer when the light was bright. From this event, there is a question as to whether the prophet performed shubuh prayer for hours.

If the time of shubuh prayer is too early, it is not a problem for Muslims doubtful about the time, because they can perform shubuh prayer at the end of shubuh prayer time, the time that one of the hadiths mentions that the Prophet completed the prayer when it was bright. This hadith brings about the assumption that the beginning of shubuh prayer is not that early if it is the time with the sun height of -19.5 degrees or even -20 degrees. Probably, despite in need of proving, this assumption is in line with the criterion of the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA) which sets the sun height for the beginning of shubuh prayer at -15 degrees.

In the case of Indonesia, which is in the equator where the sun flash can be stronger, the criterion of -20 degrees is accurate. A group of intellectuals from Yogyakarta a few years ago proved that the criterion of the ISNA is accurate or at least close to the time of the appearance of fajar shadiq, which means the beginning of shubuh prayer and the end of predawn meal.

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Therefore, fajar shadiq should be the standard and the formulating point of the sun height to determine the beginning of shubuh prayer time. It should be based on the frequency of its appearance. Although the finding by the ISNA is convincing, the party involved (the authority) seems to ignore it and keeps claiming that the accurate criterion of the sun height for Indonesia is -20, which actually in practice doesn’t exist. The authority always deducts two minutes in Ramadan month and adds two minutes in other months. The authority argues that it is done for the sake of ihtiyath (accuracy) so Muslims don’t eat when shubuh prayer time comes.

The Ramadan timetable (imsakiah timetable) in Indonesia nowadays is varied; experts use a variety of the sun height (-18, -18,5, -19, 19.5 degrees). In practice, the criterion of the sun height at -20, which is claimed by the authority, doesn’t exist because with the addition of two minutes for the sake of the carefulness it actually leads to the criterion of -19 or -19.5 degrees. It means the criterion of -20 degrees doesn’t have a support in practice.

This case is really contrary to the case of the end of predawn meal time. According to the original Islamic teachings, the end of predawn meal is the beginning of the shubuh prayer. However, this doesn’t apply for this case because for the sake of carefulness in order that the Muslims don’t eat predawn meal at the shubuh prayer time, the end of predawn meal time is made 2 minutes faster. So, if the shubuh prayer time is 04:43 West Indonesia Time, the end of the predawn meal time turns to 04:41; and for imsak minus 10 minutes before shubuh time. Indonesian Muslims then must stop eating predawn meal at 04:31 West Indonesia Time.

Based on this fact, if the claim of a group of Yogyakarta intellectuals is not taken into consideration, the end of the predawn meal time is faster by at least 2 minutes and 12 minutes when the imsak is added.

With the time deduction of each criterion at least between the criterion of -20 degrees and -18 degrees (04:45 West Indonesia Time), the end of predawn meal will be faster by about 10 minutes and will be faster by about 20 minutes with 10 minutes for imsak. It will be much faster by about 23 minutes if the criterion of ISNA and claim of a group of intellectuals from Yogyakarta are applied. This means that if the imsak time (10 minutes before the beginning of the shubuh prayer time), Indonesian Muslims will have the end of predawn meal time faster by 30 minutes with the criterion of ISNA adjusted to the condition in Indonesia.

The end of predawn meal is identical to the beginning of the shubuh prayer time because the Koran clearly explains it as the white thread in the dark. Therefore, it is not good to stop eating predawn meal if there is no accurate proof that shubuh prayer time comes; it is not good to perform shubuh prayer at the early time of the shubuh prayer if there is no accurate proof that the time comes. It is necessary that both (the end of predawn meal and the beginning of shubuh prayer time) refer to what is explained by Allah and His Messenger as fajar shadiq.

It is wise if we don’t ignore the opinion that the criterion of ISNA or the sun height of -15 degrees is accurate. Stopping the predawn meal faster (earlier) is absolutely not a problem but performing the shubuh prayer before its time is of course unacceptable (invalid). To solve the problem, Indonesian Muslims must take a thorough study by conducting ruyah (observation) within a long span of time to determine which one is accurate. In Indonesia, the sun height of -20 degrees is not an absolute claim. It actually raises a question as to which criterion is correct, -20, -19.5, -19, -18, or -15 degrees?

It requires intellectual Muslims to do their best to verify again and again since the theory must be based on the true fact. The prophet mentions in a hadith that shubuh prayer is “already at dawn”, meaning that the end of predawn meal time is not that early. The interpretation of this hadith also needs to be adjusted to the real situation of Indonesia, which is located at the equator. Indonesian Muslims are required not to underestimate the difference of time even a few minutes because the prophet says “Eat the predawn meal at the end”.

Since the predawn meal in the fasting month becomes a ritual, it is good that it is made as the moment to wait for the time of shubuh prayer by observing the appearance of fajar shadiq so that Muslims use the criterion that is really recommended by the prophet.

http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/08/11/is-%E2%80%98sahur%E2%80%99-indonesia-too-early.html

Short biography of Adam Malik

Malik was born in Pematang Siantar, North Sumatra, Dutch East Indies to Abdul Malik and Salamah Lubis on 22 July 1917. After completing Junior High School, he received his first job as a shopkeeper, filling in time by reading books and increasing his knowledge.

Malik quickly developed an interest in politics and aged just 17, became the Chairman of the Pematang Siantar branch of Partindo (Indonesia Party). In this position, Malik campaigned for the Dutch Colonial Government to grant independence to Indonesia. As a result of this, Malik was put in prison for disobeying the Colonial Government's ban on political assemblies. Once he was freed, Malik left Pematang Siantar for Jakarta.



After leaving hometown, Malik pursued a job as a journalist. He wrote for Partindo's Party Magazine and Pelita Andalas Newspaper. In 1937, along with like-minded colleagues, Malik formed ANTARA. ANTARA would develop to become Indonesia's national news agency.

Malik played an important role in the events leading up to Indonesia's Declaration of Independence. On the 16 August 1945 Malik and other pro-Independence youths kidnapped Nationalist movement leaders Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta. They took the two leaders to the town of Rengasdengklok and forced them to declare Indonesia's Independence to fill the vacuum left by the Japanese Occupational Forces which had surrendered. Sukarno and Hatta finally declared Indonesia's Independence, on 17 August 1945. The two were also elected as Indonesia's first President and Vice President. After Indonesia's independence, Malik formed the Murba Party and used it as a platform to become a Parliament member. Malik also served as the Third Deputy Chairman of the Indonesian Central National Committee (KNIP).

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After becoming a journalist and a politician, Malik then took up the duties of a diplomat. In 1959, he was appointed ambassador to the Soviet Union and Poland[3]. This was followed in 1962 by an appointment as Chairman of the Indonesian Delegation for the negotiations to hand over West Irian to Indonesia. He then served as Minister for Trade before being appointed Minister for the Implementation of the Guided Economy in Sukarno's Cabinet.

With Sukarno being increasingly influenced by the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) in his policies, Malik set up the Preservation of Sukarnoism Body (BPS). This organization aimed to translate Sukarnoist ideas in a non-Communist sense and to use the name Sukarno to criticise the PKI. Sukarno was not oblivious to this and banned BPS in 1965. Together with General Abdul Haris Nasution and Ruslan Abdulgani, Malik was despised by the PKI for his anti-Communist stance.

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1966 was the year which saw Sukarno lose his executive powers as he passed them over to Lieutenant General Suharto through a Presidential decree known as Supersemar. Although Sukarno continued to keep the title of President, all the de facto power was in the hand of Suharto. A Cabinet reshuffle followed in which Malik took up the position of Minister of Foreign Affairs. Malik, together with Suharto and Hamengkubuwono IX formed a triumvirate as they sought to reverse Sukarno's policies.

As Foreign Affairs Minister, Malik conducted trips to Western countries to reschedule debt payments. Malik also quit the Murba Party that year to put himself more in line with the new regime's more open economic policies. The Murba Party having been a party that rejected foreign investments. In 1967, Malik, together with the Foreign Ministers of Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Singapore would officially form ASEAN in a bid to form a united front in the face of Communist expansion in Vietnam.

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With Suharto finally elected as President in 1968, Malik continued to serve as the Foreign Affairs Minister. In 1970, Malik solidified his position with the regime by officially joining Golkar. Malik would also represent Indonesia and deputize for Suharto in summits with Suharto not showing much interest in foreign policy in the first years of his Presidency.

As Foreign Affairs Minister, Malik had had differences with Suharto's ABRI Generals such as General Maraden Panggabean over the way in which Indonesia should approach its Foreign Policy in Southeast Asia. The Generals wanted Indonesia and its regional neighbors in ASEAN to have a closer security cooperation which in effect. The Generals were also in favor of sending Indonesian troops to help the South Vietnamese in the Vietnam War. On the other hand, Malik insisted that ASEAN should only be about economic, not military cooperation. In this he was supported by Suharto. Malik also adopted a softer stance towards the People's Republic of China who the Suharto regime saw as supporters of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI).

In 1971, Malik was chosen as President of the United Nations General Assembly.

Malik was briefly involved in the crisis that would lead to the invasion of East Timor. Malik had assured an East Timorese delegation led by José Ramos-Horta that Indonesia would not be involved in the crisis in East Timor. Suharto at first supported this stance towards East Timor but in 1975, was convinced by his Generals to intervene and invade.

In 1977, Malik was replaced as Foreign Minister as he took on the Chairmanship of the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR).

Malik's stint as MPR Chairman would not last long however. In March 1978, Suharto had been elected President for a 3rd term and had expected Hamengkubuwono IX to continue as Vice President. As it turned out, Hamengkubuwono refused to be nominated. After considering some alternative candidates, Suharto chose Malik to be his Vice President.

In his position as Vice President, Malik was not afraid to criticize the Government. In 1979, he admitted that the current regime had violated the spirit of the 1945 constitution. He also criticized the increasing feudalism in the regime. A reference to Suharto, who acted in the manner of a feudal Javanese King. In 1981, Malik commented on the corruption in the regime, referring it as an "epidemic".

In 1983, Malik's term as Vice President came to an end and he was replaced by Umar Wirahadikusumah. Malik died on 5 September 1984 in Bandung, West Java, as a result of liver cancer.

wikipedia

Sekayu, The Cleanest city in Indonesia

Sekayu is a small town that located in southern Sumatra. Sekayu is also the capital city of district musi Banyuasin. Sekayu elected as the cleanest city in Indonesia for six times. Sekayu people always try to keep their environment clean. everyone always throw garbage in the dustbins that always available in all areas in Sekayu city.

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The story of Sandhy Sandoro

Sandhy Sondoro, was born on the island of Java, Indonesia. Came from a musical family, where the house provide the likes of American pop, folk, Jazz and blues tunes coming from his Mother’s or father’s guitar everyday. Those were the joy that shaped his talents . It is not traditional Indonesian music that influenced him but rather soul and blues. Sandhy Sondoro is not only an excellent singer, song writer, and guitar player he also has many other talents like drawing and cooking.

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In Indonesia Sandhy Sondoro started to play in a band at high school. They did mostly covers of Van Halen and Mr. Big or The Black Crows. At the age of 18 he went to visit his uncle in California and stayed there for a while. Over a year later he went to Germany to study architecture. He first had to improve his German proficiency to be admitted at the university. He graduated in interior design but his passion for singing and playing the guitar was stronger than the wish to work in an office.

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His first experience as a street musician was gained in Biberach on the Riss in Baden Wurttemberg in 1996. The international flair of Berlin attracted him and inspired him. In 1998 he moved back to Berlin and started his career as Sondoro singing and playing the guitar in bars, clubs and in the metro. His famous song Down on the streets was inspired by the experience gained in Berlins metro. He performs also in famous theatres like the House of World Cultures in Berlin, plays at music festivals like at the Bode museum isle festival. He has fans in Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart and many other places in Germany.

Sandhy Sondoro’s music is influenced by American and British rock legends like the Beatles and Led Zeppelin. The power of his voice reminds us of Curtis Mayfield und Marvin Gaye. Sandhy sings ballads which express love and his longing for peace. When singing rock songs his voice can turn into a powerful volcano that sounds like Joe Cocker or Roger Chapman. Sandhys voice is so flexible that he is sometimes called the Ben Harper of Jakarta.



Shandy Sondoro also ever sing in the United States, 7 and 8 April 2010. Delivering Time, Love & Tenderness Michael Bolton, he sang along with Celine Dion and Il Divo

source : indonesia first

The Story of Fisherman in a Polluted River

Ciliwung River is known to be one of the most polluted rivers in Jakarta, despite being a lifeline for many poverty-stricken people. Overflowing with garbage and human waste, it has continued to be a painful reminder of how rapid urbanization caused severe environmental degradation in the country. Nevertheless, it remains to be the source of income for fishermen like Namin, who takes a two-hour commmute ride from his house in Ceger, Cikarang.

Previously, he worked in the market when he was 18 for two years. When he was 20, Namin left due to the lack of funds. namin began to earn money from catching ikan sapu sapu (sucker mouth fish). He started to fish since the beginning of 204 untill now. Namin use a net that's throw into the water yo catch the fish and wait while hope to get the fish. For the equipment, he used to borrow from his friend that charged a rental fee.But them, he learned how to make his own fishing equipment, and if the net was broken, i'll made a new net.



In one day, Namin can catch 5-6 kilograms of fish (1$ per kilos), so he can get 6$ per day (60.000 rupias).Usually, he sell the fish to a trader in Cikarang. This money is used to provide food for his wife and child. Despite health concerns it raises, he continues to keep fishing simply because of one reason: to provide food for his family.

Reference : The Jakarta Post

Top 10 Most Populous Cities in Indonesia

As the fourth country in the world who have the highest population, Indonesia has many densely populated cities. From national census data, there are 10 cities in Indonesia are categorized as top 10 most populous cities of Indonesia, there are :

1. Jakarta (8.792 million)
Special Capital Region of Jakarta (DKI Jakarta, Jakarta Raya) is the capital city of Indonesia. width is about 740 km ², and its population numbered 8.792 million inhabitants. jakarta city is also one of most populous cities in the World

2. Surabaya (3,282,156)
Surabaya is the capital city of East Java province, Indonesia. Surabaya is Indonesia's second largest city after Jakarta. Metropolis with a population of about 3 million inhabitants, Surabaya was the business center, commerce, industry and education in eastern Indonesia. surabaya city area is 374.36 km2

3. Bandung (2,771,138)
Bandung is the capital city of West Java province. The city was anciently known as Parijs van Java (Dutch) or "Paris of Java". Because it is located in the highlands, Bandung was known as the place where the cool air. Bandung Area is 16 767 hectares.

4. Medan (2,036,018)
Medan city is the capital of North Sumatra province, Indonesia. Medan is the gate of the western part of Indonesia. Medan also become the most populous cities in Sumatra island. Medan city has an area of 26 510 hectares.

5. Bekasi (1,940,308)
Bekasi is a city in West Java province, Indonesia. The city is located in east Jakarta, adjacent to the west of Jakarta, Bekasi district in the north and east, south of Bogor, Depok and southwest. Bekasi is one of the city besides the buffer Jakarta Tangerang, Bogor and Depok, as well as the residence of commuters who work in Jakarta. Bekasi City consists of 12 districts, divided again over 56 villages. Area 210.49 km2 bekasi city.

6. Tanggerang (1,488,666)
Tangerang City is located in Banten Province, Indonesia, just west of the city, and surrounded by the Tangerang District in the south, west, and east. Tangerang is the largest and most important city in Banten province and the country's second largest urban area after the Greater Jakarta. Tangerang City Area 164.54 km2.

7. Semarang (1,352,869)
Semarang is the capital city of Central Java Province, Indonesia. Semarang is one of the city led by the mayor. The city is located about 466 km east of Jakarta, or 312 km west of Surabaya. Semarang is bordered by Java Sea to the north, Demak district in the east, south of Semarang Regency, and Regency of Kendal in the west. Semarang city Area 225.17 km ².

8. Depok (1,339,263)
Depok City, is a city in West Java province, Indonesia. The town is located just south of Jakarta, that between the Jakarta-Bogor. Depok City consists of six districts, which are divided into 63 wards. 200.29km2.

9. Palembang (1,323,169)
Palembang City is one of the major cities in Indonesia as well as the capital of South Sumatra province. Palembang is the second largest city in Sumatra after Medan. This city had once been the center of the Sriwijaya Kingdom and later moved to Jambi. Siguntang hill, in Palembang West, until now many people are still sacred and regarded as a former center of purity in the past. Size 102.47km2 palembang city.

10. Makassar (1,168,258)
The city of Makassar (formerly level II status of the municipal area; from 1971 until 1999 officially known as Ujungpandang or Ujung Pandang) is a municipality and also the capital of South Sulawesi province. on the southwest coast of Sulawesi island, facing the Makassar Strait. Makassar is known to have a beautiful beach namely Losari. Makassar City Area 128.12 km ².

Indonesian Wayang Figures in Cyborg Version

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Living with Merapi's Volcanoes

All hell is about to break loose, but Udi, a 60-year-old farmer from the village of Kinarejo on the Indonesian island of Java, will not budge. Not even though a mere three miles (five kilometers) separates the smoldering peak of Mount Merapi from Kinarejo. Not even though columns of noxious gas and the nervous tracings of seismographs signal an imminent explosion.


Mount Merapi, Magelang, Central java

Not even though the government has ordered a full-scale evacuation. "I feel safe here," he says. "If the Gatekeeper won't move, then neither will I." Merapi is a natural-born killer. Rising almost 10,000 feet (3,000 meters) over forests and fields, it ranks among the world's most active and dangerous volcanoes. Its very name means "fire mountain." An eruption in 1930 killed more than 1,300; even in less deadly times, plumes drift menacingly from the peak.


Merapi

Some of the surrounding area, warns a local hazards map, is "frequently affected by pyroclastic flows, lava flows, rockfalls, toxic gases and glowing ejected rock fragments." As the volcano's rumbling crescendoed in May 2006, thousands fled the fertile slopes and settled reluctantly into makeshift camps at lower, safer altitudes.


Merapi's Lava

Even the resident monkeys descended in droves. Not Udi and his fellow villagers, who take their cues from an octogenarian with dazzling dentures and a taste for menthol cigarettes: Mbah Marijan, the Gatekeeper of Merapi. Mbah Marijan has one of the more bizarre jobs in Indonesia, or anywhere else, for that matter. The fate of villagers like Udi and of the 500,000 residents of Yogyakarta, a city 20 miles (32 kilometers) to the south, rests on Marijan's thin shoulders.

Mbah Marijan

It is his responsibility to perform the rituals designed to appease an ogre believed to inhabit Merapi's summit. This time, the rituals seem to have fallen short. The warnings grow more urgent. Volcanologists, military commanders, even Indonesia's vice president beg him to evacuate. He flatly refuses in javanese. "kuwi pancen tugasmu ngandani aku (It's your duty to come talk to me,)" he tells the police. "iki tugasku kanggo tetep nang kene (It is my duty to stay.)"

Andrew Marshall from National Geographic

The Town that Surrounded by Five Mountains

Magelang is just a small town that located in the central Java.but magelnag is the unique town. magelang is Town that Surrounded by five mountains. there are Mount Merapi, Merbabu, Sumbing, Telomoyo, and Menoreh. it would not be surprised if Magelang become one of coolest city in Indonesia.





1. Merapi
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2. Merbabu


3. Menoreh
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4. Sumbing


5. Telomoyo
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Three mountain are located in eastern of Magelang,there are Merapi, Merbabu, and Menoreh. while two others are in the western and southern of Magelang. Because magelang is surrounded by five mountains, so magelang has a fertile land that support to built agricultural business.

Magelang also known as the Town that has many tourism object. Not only Borobudur temple, Magelang also have many nature tourism such as waterfall, pool, hills, and the mountains. So if you going to Indonesia, do not forget to visit Magelang, it just 30 kilometres from Yogyakarta.