Interesting facts about Indonesia for Kids

Indonesia

If your child is interested in Indonesia, and want to find interesting facts about the state of Indonesia, then you're in the right place. We will give to you, and your child. Check it out

Indonesia is the largest maritime country in the world, and the world's largest archipelagic nation that consisting of 17.504 islands (about 6,000 of them are uninhabited)

Indonesia never colonized by the Portuguese, Spanish, English, Dutch, and Japanese. Of all the colonial powers, the Dutch were the longest, they were in power for over 350 years.

Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and the largest Muslim populated country in the world.

The word "Indonesia" is derived from the word Indus which in Latin means "Ocean" and the word nesos which in Greek means "island". So, Indonesia means the territory of the Indian islands, or archipelago located in the Indies.

There are five Officially recognized religions in Indonesia, namely Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hinduism, and Buddhism. And Islam is the Largest one.

The position of Indonesia is located at coordinates 6 ° north latitude - 11 ° 08 'south latitude and 95 °' east longitude - 141 ° 45 'east longitude and is located between two continents, the continents of Asia and Australia / Oceania.

Indonesia's territory extends along 3.977 mile between the Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. Indonesia's land area is 1,922,570 km ² and 3,257,483 km ² marine area

Indonesia consists of five major islands, namely: Java with an area of ​​132,107 km ², Sumatera with an area of ​​473,606 km ², Borneo with an area of ​​539,460 km ², Sulawesi, with an area of ​​189,216 km ², and Papua with an area of ​​421.981 km ²

The most popular sports in Indonesia are badminton and football.

Facts about tsunami 2004 in Indonesia

Seven years ago (26 Desember 2004), a devastating tsunami destroyed the Indian Ocean region, precisely around the island of Sumatra, India, and Sri Lanka. Behind this disaster, there are some interesting facts about the 2004 tsunami that destroyed Indonesia's Aceh region:

Tectonic earthquake measuring 8.5 Richter scale (Some experts say 9.1 on the Richter scale) magnitude centered in the Indian Ocean (2.9 north latitude and 95.6 east longitude), at a depth of 20 km (in the sea, is about 149 km south of Meulaboh, Aceh, Indonesia).

http://media.vivanews.com/images/2008/12/23/61530_tsunami_di_aceh.jpg

The earthquake was accompanied by a tidal wave (tsunami) that swept some offshore areas in Indonesia (Aceh and North Sumatra), Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Maldives and Thailand.

After the earthquake, thetousand of fish in the sea are drawn to the beach, it makes a lot of people flocked to the shore to find fish, and they do not realize that a very powerful tsunami is coming soon, so most of them can not save themselves.

From several countries affected by the tsunami, Indonesia is a country with the worst damage, followed by Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India.

The number of victims who died in the 2004 tsunami tragedy has reached 168,183 people, 115,229 of them are citizens of Indonesia (from Aceh and North Sumatra).

In this tragedy, there is an interesting story about Martunis, a young Acehnese journalists who photographed by the camera while it is to survive the swift water of the Tsunami, at that time, Martin dressed Portugal national team, his picture became famous and he was honored to be invited by the Portuguese national team watch Portugal national team matches.

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Tsunami wave heights reached 30 feet in Indonesia, while in India and Sri Lanka reached 20 meters

Serangan, the Turtle Island in Indonesia

Serangan, that's the name of an island in Indonesia that dubbed as the turtle island. This island is located about 5 km south of Denpasar, Bali. On this island, thousands of turtles are bred by local government agencies with the help of the "Turtle Conservation and Education Centre".

On this island, turtle sale is forbidden, you are free to enjoy the natural beauty of this island and feel the sensation of swimming with the turtles (but don't think you can bring one into your home).

Serangan Turtle Island
Serangan Turtle Island
Serangan Turtle Island
Serangan Turtle Island
Serangan Turtle Island
Serangan Turtle Island

Beautiful Waterfalls in Indonesia

Indonesia is famous for its natural beauty, and you can not deny it, and although the Indonesian government seems really messy, but that does not prevent the natural beauty of Indonesia to look beautiful in front of you, at least until you come to visit Indonesia.

And let me invite you to look at one element of the natural beauty of Indonesia, The waterfall. I hope you will like it. Rest assured, that Indonesia is a beautiful country.

Lembah Anai waterfall
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http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-21qag6nFC28/TsnVQ3iMveI/AAAAAAAAF6E/DEOrxS4I2PM/s1600/1%2Blembah%2Banai%2B2.jpg

Curug Cipendok
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-b2VTChL3Ohw/TsnVRVFmcsI/AAAAAAAAF6w/TmGl5Mk8G6I/s1600/Curug%2Bcipendok%2B2.jpg
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-uEnvnKAC_9g/TsnVRAo_FVI/AAAAAAAAF6g/ZgCSRFtvSrw/s1600/Curug%2Bcipendok.jpg

Sipiso Waterfall
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-7co8W2Gg-BA/TsnVQxxaaWI/AAAAAAAAF6Y/OLj6WwKs8bc/s1600/air%2Bterjun%2Bsipiso%2Bpiso%2B1.jpg

Citambur Waterfall
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-1WEDijRJGLw/TsnWIF3m8-I/AAAAAAAAF7A/uoZwI70F0fk/s1600/curug%2Bcitambur%2B2.jpg
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-ER5E-GK1DbU/TsnWIOKHpvI/AAAAAAAAF64/qtOPHhv6qGY/s1600/curug%2Bcitambur.jpg

Makadipura Waterfall
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-07HhO1tA2GA/TsnWIUeu8UI/AAAAAAAAF7Y/R8FkMekQs9c/s1600/madakaripura2.jpg
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-j6xPZtcKWFE/TsnWIs4dHZI/AAAAAAAAF7k/HIgKviiuKbo/s1600/makadipura.jpg

Grojogan Sewu waterfall
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-uoPhzNSdhno/TsnWIdjEfCI/AAAAAAAAF7I/a1XZdH1Fh5g/s1600/grojogansewu.jpg

Resun waterfall
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-K2NK8T57w0k/TsnXH0Qx9cI/AAAAAAAAF78/DgBmXipSghU/s1600/resun.jpg

Payakumbuh Waterfall
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-KDjfRYPsXmk/TsnXH98A_mI/AAAAAAAAF70/G9bn4VZypaU/s1600/Payakumbuh%2BHarau%2BWaterfalls.jpg

Sikarim Waterfall
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-O3e5QGEuU3c/TsnXILe_SkI/AAAAAAAAF8Q/ggBMcrUCnJo/s1600/sikarim.jpg

Raja Ampat, World Diving Paradise

Raja Ampat is a series of four group of islands located in West Papua. Raja Ampat is renowned as one of the most beautiful dive sites in the world. there are about 540 species of hard corals (75% of the total species in the world), more than 1,000 species of reef fish, 700 species of molluscs in Raja Ampat.

Raja Ampat
Raja Ampat
Raja Ampat
Raja Ampat
Raja Ampat
Raja Ampat
Raja Ampat
Raja Ampat
Raja Ampat
Raja Ampat
Raja Ampat

Arthur Irawan, The first Indonesian player in La Liga with Espanyol

Arthur Irawan is a 18 years-old football player. He played football since he was a child,, he had a very good football talent, it makes Arthur entered in Indonesia U-17 national team, but Arthur's parents did not approve it, It is because her parents wanted Arthur to continue his education in the England.

In England, Arthur joined the Lytham Town FC (North English second division club from West Lancasshire). And when undergoing a match, a talent scout from Espanyol attracted to him and offered to join Espanyol, Arthur agreed it and Espanyol gave it contacts for four years.

Arthur Irawan
Arthur Irawan
Arthur Irawan
Arthur Irawan Espanyol
Arthur Irawan Espanyol

Zaneta Naomi Sutrisna and Putri Ayu, Two Indonesian young singer in David Foster concert 'The Hitman Returns'

Zaneta Naomi Sutrisna and Putri Ayu | After orbit talented young singer from the Philippines, Charice, David Foster is now orbiting other talented young singer, not from the Philippines, but from Indonesia (maybe David Foster was hit by a Southeast Asia fever).

Zaneta Naomi Sutrisna and Putri Ayu, that's the name of two talented singers. They even invited by David Foster to participate at the David Foster and Friend 'The Hitman Returns' concert in Jakarta Plenary Hall a few days ago.

Zaneta Naomi Sutrisna
Zaneta Naomi Sutrisna

Zaneta and Putri Ayu is still 13 years old, but they have a beautiful and melodious voice, they've won many vocal competitions. And after attending a David Foster and Friend 'The Hitman Returns' concert in Jakarta, zaneta will participate in a vocal competition 'Born To Sing Asia', in this competition, the winner is chosen by David Foster. And the winner of this competition are entitled to participate in David Foster concert in Las Vegas.

Putri Ayu
Putri Ayu and David Foster

Javanese gamelan instruments

Gamelan is the name of a traditional musical instrument which comes from Java. Gamelan consists of many musical instruments, if the instruments were played together, it can produce beautiful music rhythm.

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http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-KAc1EEhXkzo/TehTRVaYfeI/AAAAAAAAAEQ/JvVY2j8OmGs/s1600/gamelan.jpg

Want to know how beautiful gamelan music, check this video



Krakatoa eruption history

Krakatoa is a volcano located in the Sunda Strait (between the island of Java and Sumatra) indonesia. The volcano is very famous in the world because of the eruptions in 1883 referred to as one of the most devastating volcanic eruption of all time.

Before Krakatau erupted on August 26, 1883, was already there are signs that very clear, namely the existence of a thick rain of ash that blanketed the area around the surrounding Krakatau. Very thick ash rain is causing visibility to be very close, even daylight look like night because of this thick ash.

On 26 August 1883, Krakatoa erupted at last, and produces a very very powerful explosion. even the sound of Krakatau explosion heard up until Mauritius (about 3000 miles or 5000 km). The sound of explosions considered the loudest voice in the world.

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_szLhUF1v5IM/TNAo3C8vSWI/AAAAAAAAA_M/U1l7qhN4JhU/s1600/krakatau.jpg
Ilustration pic from Google

Krakatau eruption is very very powerful, Krakatau volcanic explosion was equivalent to the power of 400 megatonnes of TNT. For comparison, the power of nuclear explosions that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of 13-16 kiloton of TNT. And during the explosion, Mount Krakatau ejected no less than 21 km3 ash, rock, and pumice.

The explosion make the most of the earth into darkness because the earth covered by ashes that are released by the Mountain Krakatau.

Because of this explosion, reported more than 20,000 people died, and thousands more were injured, 165 villages were destroyed, 132 others damaged mess.

Komodo island accommodation

Komodo Island is one of the islands located in the Komodo national park, Flores Indonesia. As the name implies, the island is famous for his trademark animals, Komodo dragon. Komodo dragon can only be found in this island or on other islands around the Komodo island that are still located in the Komodo national park, That is why many tourists who come to visit this island.

One more thing that makes a lot of tourists come to the Komodo island is because the accommodation costs are very cheap, with less than $ 500, you can enjoy the island of Komodo in its beauty.

If you are interested, you can contact the Service Komodo Island tour package below :


Well, Welcome to Komodo Island tour

Vredeburg

Vredeburg is a fortress that was built in 1765 by the VOC (Dutch trading group) in Yogyakarta during the colonial period. This historic building is located in front of the Great House (one of seven presidential palace in Indonesia). The fort was built by the VOC as a center of government and the defense of the Dutch governor. The fort is surrounded by a moat that can still be seen until now.

Vredeburg

The fort is square shaped and has a monitor in the four corners of the tower. In the past, the Dutch troops often patrol around the walls.

Topeng Monyet, Indonesian masked monkey dance

Masked Monkey or "Topeng Monyet" is a Indonesian traditional play, that usually the a master tell some instructions to a monkey, such as looking at a mirror, going to market, wearing a mask, riding byclye, and other activities to earn a living by street performances. However, behind these "little street actors" is the fact of brutal training, which has caused concern of animal protection groups.

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Monkeys used in Indonesia usually are species Macaca Fascicularis or sometimes called “crab eating monkey” or “long tailed monkey.”

http://iwandahnial.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/monyet-2.jpg

Although Originally monkey mask is a traditional art which is known in various regions in Indonesia, performing monkey mask can also be found in India, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam, China, Japan, and Korea.

Reliefs of Borobudur Temple

Borobudur, or Barabudur, is a 8th-century Mahayana Buddhist monument near Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. The monument comprises six square platforms topped by three circular platforms, and is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. A main dome, located at the center of the top platform, is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues seated inside perforated stupa.

Borobudur contains approximately 2,670 individual bas reliefs (1,460 narrative and 1,212 decorative panels), which cover the façades and balustrades. The total relief surface is 2,500 square metres (27,000 sq ft) and they are distributed at the hidden foot (Kāmadhātu) and the five square platforms (Rupadhatu).

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The narrative panels, which tell the story of Sudhana and Manohara, are grouped into 11 series encircled the monument with the total length of 3,000 metres (9,800 ft). The hidden foot contains the first series with 160 narrative panels and the remaining 10 series are distributed throughout walls and balustrades in four galleries starting from the eastern entrance stairway to the left. Narrative panels on the wall read from right to left, while on the balustrade read from left to right. This conforms with pradaksina, the ritual of circumambulation performed by pilgrims who move in a clockwise direction while keeping the sanctuary to their right.

The hidden foot depicts the workings of karmic law. The walls of the first gallery have two superimposed series of reliefs; each consists of 120 panels. The upper part depicts the biography of the Buddha, while the lower part of the wall and also balustrades in the first and the second galleries tell the story of the Buddha's former lives. The remaining panels are devoted to Sudhana's further wandering about his search, terminated by his attainment of the Perfect Wisdom.

The law of karma (Karmavibhangga)

The 160 hidden panels do not form a continuous story, but each panel provides one complete illustration of cause and effect. There are depictions of blameworthy activities, from gossip to murder, with their corresponding punishments. There are also praiseworthy activities, that include charity and pilgrimage to sanctuaries, and their subsequent rewards. The pains of hell and the pleasure of heaven are also illustrated. There are scenes of daily life, complete with the full panorama of samsara (the endless cycle of birth and death).

The birth of Buddha (Lalitavistara)

The story starts with the descent of the Lord Buddha from the Tushita heaven, and ends with his first sermon in the Deer Park near Benares. The relief shows the birth of the Buddha as Prince Siddhartha, son of King Suddhodana and Queen Maya of Kapilavastu (in present-day Nepal).

The story is preceded by 27 panels showing various preparations, in heavens and on earth, to welcome the final incarnation of the Bodhisattva. Before descending from Tushita heaven, the Bodhisattva entrusted his crown to his successor, the future Buddha Maitreya. He descended on earth in the shape of white elephants with six tusks, penetrated to Queen Maya's right womb. Queen Maya had a dream of this event, which was interpreted that his son would become either a sovereign or a Buddha.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/82/Queen_Maya%2C_Borobudur.jpg/800px-Queen_Maya%2C_Borobudur.jpg

While Queen Maya felt that it was the time to give birth, she went to the Lumbini park outside the Kapilavastu city. She stood under a plaksa tree, holding one branch with her right hand and she gave birth to a son, Prince Siddhartha. The story on the panels continues until the prince becomes the Buddha.

Prince Siddhartha story (Jataka) and other legendary persons (Avadana)

Jatakas are stories about the Buddha before he was born as Prince Siddhartha. Avadanas are similar to jatakas, but the main figure is not the Bodhisattva himself. The saintly deeds in avadanas are attributed to other legendary persons. Jatakas and avadanas are treated in one and the same series in the reliefs of Borobudur.

The first 20 lower panels in the first gallery on the wall depict the Sudhanakumaravadana or the saintly deeds of Sudhana. The first 135 upper panels in the same gallery on the balustrades are devoted to the 34 legends of the Jatakamala. The remaining 237 panels depict stories from other sources, as do for the lower series and panels in the second gallery. Some jatakas stories are depicted twice, for example the story of King Sibhi (Rama's forefather).

Sudhana's search for the Ultimate Truth (Gandavyuha)

Gandavyuha is the story told in the final chapter of the Avatamsaka Sutra about Sudhana's tireless wandering in search of the Highest Perfect Wisdom. It covers two galleries (third and fourth) and also half of the second gallery; comprising in total of 460 panels. The principal figure of the story, the youth Sudhana, son of an extremely rich merchant, appears on the 16th panel. The preceding 15 panels form a prologue to the story of the miracles during Buddha's samadhi in the Garden of Jeta at Sravasti.

During his search, Sudhana visited no less than 30 teachers but none of them had satisfied him completely. He was then instructed by Manjusri to meet the monk Megasri, where he was given the first doctrine. As his journey continues, Sudhana meets (in the following order) Supratisthita, the physician Megha (Spirit of Knowledge), the banker Muktaka, the monk Saradhvaja, the upasika Asa (Spirit of Supreme Enlightenment), Bhismottaranirghosa, the Brahmin Jayosmayatna, Princess Maitrayani, the monk Sudarsana, a boy called Indriyesvara, the upasika Prabhuta, the banker Ratnachuda, King Anala, the god Siva Mahadeva, Queen Maya, Bodhisattva Maitreya and then back to Manjusri. Each meeting has given Sudhana a specific doctrine, knowledge and wisdom. These meetings are shown in the third gallery.

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After the last meeting with Manjusri, Sudhana went to the residence of Bodhisattva Samantabhadra; depicted in the fourth gallery. The entire series of the fourth gallery is devoted to the teaching of Samantabhadra. The narrative panels finally end with Sudhana's achievement of the Supreme Knowledge and the Ultimate Truth.

Source : Wikipedia